Monday, March 30, 2020
Introduction and what is expected of a good recruitment model Recruitment is a process of identifying qualified people for a specific job by catching the attention of the recruits, cross examining them and choosing qualified people. Most organizations both mid and large sized have professionals who perform the work of recruitment while at the same time, they might outsource the process to agencies who offer recruitment services.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Concept of Recruitment Model in HRM specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The best recruitment model for an organization is one that addresses the internal and external factors, a model that is based on these factors and a work or job investigation that recognizes the behavior and characteristics of workers which will then help in selection of candidates who are competent for that job. Strategies of organizations change from time to time as they respond to changes in the economic and business environment (Delery, 1996). For this case, I am going to discuss the Ã¢â¬Ëstrategic recruitment and selection modelÃ¢â¬â¢ which I think will address the above concerns during recruitment. The use of this strategy in recruitment emphasizes the need to match people with the job requirements. Job analysis Strategic recruitment and selection model entails several steps or procedures of selection. First, job analysis has to be done which involves the following; establishing the relevance of the job analysis, listing the characteristics of the personnel to be hired, selecting the job in question for analysis, gathering data of the job analysis, reviewing and developing the specifications and description of the job. In order to perform job analysis, information is gathered using the following techniques; use of questionnaires, observation, records of participants and the procedures of the civil service. Description of the job should be very clea r and should not rhyme with description of other jobs while at the same time, specification of the job should be comprehensible and followed so that the right person with the correct skills for the job is selected. Job analysis enables recruiters to know what the job is all about and what skillfulness and capability to search in candidates (Noe et al., 2010). Planning and recruitment The next level in strategic recruitment and selection model is personnel planning and recruitment. At this stage, plans are developed for selection of candidates which involves the requirements of the personnel, availability of candidates from outside and within the organization.Advertising Looking for research paper on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More For an organization to know the demand for new employees, it has to consider make predictions of the services on demand. When the demands of the personnel are determined and eval uated, the next stage is to come up with a group of eligible candidates through advertisements, employment agencies or the internet. Analysis of the application form is the first step to collect data which enables recruiters to make predictions about their past and future performance. Human resources scheduling and selection has a direct impact on the level of dedication of the member of staff because it translates on the ability to develop. Therefore, the whole process of personnel planning and recruitment has to be done using reliable tests and interviews. Examination The process of examining and choosing employees is critical to them. Employees who have performed to the required level have a higher tendency to perform their duties effectively as compared to employees with low level of performance who can be obstructive and rough. The hiring process is very expensive for organizations, hence, cost effective screening is highly emphasized. During hiring process, legal implications of the whole process should be put into consideration because if the selection process is unfair, some candidates might go to court to challenge the recruitment process. It should not discriminate against women, the aged people, the minorities or the physically challenged. Validity and reliability The other concern of this model is the validity and reliability of the testing and interviewing process. The test should specifically get results of what is expected of the applicants. The criterion and content validity of the test should be related to job performance and test fairly the tasks and skills of the job respectively. The model also emphasizes on the reliability of the test so that consistent results can be obtained even if the same test was to be administered severally. In order to validate the test, the job is first analyzed to find out the skills and human characteristics required to perform the job, then a test is chosen to assess the traits needed for the job. Selection of the test is done with full consideration of the past experiences and research. The test is then administered using a reliable technique. Concurrent validation can be used where existing employees are first tested then their performance compared to the applicants though it is not a fair tool of evaluation of the applicants (Noe et al., 2010). The model places emphasis on best practices to be used in testing guidelines. A test is part of the selection process and should not be solely used for selection but a check for initial stages of the interview. Tests are not perfect and could even represent less than twenty five percent of the ability of the applicant to perform the job successfully. The test should be validated to ensure that they meet legal requirements and good practices in order to meet the objectives of the job requirements.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Concept of Recruitment Model in HRM specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/ page Learn More An analysis of the present hiring procedures of the organization should be done regularly to make sure that issues of minority and gender bias are addressed in order to make testing is fair to all applicants. Records of performance of all applicants should be kept because it might be helpful in research and advancement of recruitment processes in future. It is also important that correlation of the test scores with performance of the job be done at a later stage after hiring has been done. Assessment of management competencies required for a job is critical. As discussed earlier, the biggest challenge in recruitment and selection is the procedure of identifying the appropriate qualities necessary for the present and prospective applicants, which will then help to match the person and the job. Normally, job analysis has been used to determine these qualities. Job analysis can be split into two; individual and task orientation. Task orientation is define d by the actions that a person is expected to display as derived from findings of the job while individual orientation behavior and repertory grid (Ulrich, 1996). Psychometric model Psychometric model of testing is used when other forms of evaluation are unreliable. In this model, the whole job is broken into small subunits then, these small units shall be used to evaluate understanding and capability. According to Legge (2004) the model takes into consideration individual values as an indicator of good performance, while other factors such as bias, minority and bias are also considered. The social process model has been on the limelight as it regards the selection process a social process as well as selection and evaluation. In this model, it is believed that the process of recruitment is likely to have psychological effects on the applicants like attitude towards the organization. Proactive measures can be taken before selection by putting into consideration the individual differe nces of candidates (Paauwe, 2009) . Interviewing of candidates varies according reason, content, organization and the manner of administration of the interview. The relevance of an interview can be undermined by irrelevant information predominating, lack of knowledge of the job requirements, being in a hurry to hire and making decisions hastily. Recruitment process should involve an establishment rapport between the interviewer and interviewees and prior planning for the process to make sure that it is fair and fair. Interviewers should prepare adequately for an interview and have a structured guideline of the information to be extracted from the applicant, have knowledge of the job requirements and focus on questions that bring out motivational level of the candidate (Becker, 1996).Advertising Looking for research paper on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Conclusion- benefits of the model Though the Ã¢â¬Ëstrategic recruitment and selectionÃ¢â¬â¢ is widely used in hiring, the model has the following challenges: it is expensive to administer, there is a lot of pressure on the recruiters due to short term orientation, difficulty in validation of evaluation decisions and lack of consistent corporate strategy. On the other hand, it puts into consideration the needs of the applicants, organizationsÃ¢â¬â¢ job requirements and related human resources practices (Armstrong, 2006). The other option of recruitment is the traditional recruitment and selection model. Comparing the two models, I would prefer the strategic model because the traditional model has a lot of weakness. The following are the disadvantages of traditional model; relies mostly on the interview as a selection tool, does not put into consideration the needs of the customers and providers, it is not a good agent of change and displays status quo. References Armstrong, M. (2006). A handbook of Human Resource Management Practice (10th Edition). London: Kogan. Becker, B. (1996). The impact of Human Resource Management on organizational Perfomance: Academy of Management Journal. 39 (4), 779-801. Delery, J. and Doty,H. (1996). Ã¢â¬Å"Modes of theorizing in Strategic Human Resource Management:Ã¢â¬ Academy of Management Journal, 39(4), 802-825. Legge, K. (2004). Human Resource Management: Rhetorics and Realities (Anniversary Edition). Basingtoke: Palgrave Macmillan. Noe, R., etal. (2010). Human Resources Management. USA, Chicago: McGraw-Hill, 7th Edition, 74-101. Paauwe, J. (2009). HRM and Perfomance: Achievement, Methodological issues and prospects journal of management journal 46(1). Ulrich, D. (1996). Human Resource Champions. The next agenda for adding value and delivering results. Boston, Mass: Harvard Business School Press. This research paper on Concept of Recruitment Model in HRM was written and submitted by user Susan Allen to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.
Saturday, March 7, 2020
Dreams4 essays Thesis: We dream thousands of dreams every night, but why and what do they mean? In my report I want to tell you about dreams. Dreams are a communication of body, mind and spirit in a symbolic communicative environment (www.sleeps.com). To make that statement easier to understand dreams are a review influenced by factors in your life and spirit (www.sleeps.com). Our brains are constantly active. It is always in different states like sleeping, awake, drowsy, alert, excited, bored, concentrating, or daydreaming (www.sleeps.com). Sigmund Freud believed dreams are keys to the most secret parts of the mind (Coren 24). Dreams always occur while we are in a type of sleep called REM (Rapid Eye Movement) (www.geocities.com). All the things you dream about are a reflection of you life. They reflect your feelings, thoughts, desires, and your fears. Interest in dreams are dated way back even to the time of the Greeks. The people of the ancient world tended to believe that some dreams were sent by the gods to convey information to mortals (Holroyd 44). They discovered that a dream is not nonsense but information in disguise (Holroyd 46). The Epic of Gilgamesh was one of the first known writings of dreams. Written four thousand years ago, about the experiences of Gilgamesh. For example, Gilgamesh dreams that he is pinned to the ground by the weight of a god who has fallen on him. At another point in the story he and his companion Enkinu climb to the top of a mountain that immediately collapses. These same kinds of images and situation are dreamed by people of todays time (Holroyd 46). The Greek people even thought certain things in your dreams had certain symbolism. They thought that snakes showed a sign of sickness or the presence of a enemy, and if it was a powerful snake it meant a bad illness was coming (Holroyd 56 ). Dreaming of birds was also a sign from the...
Thursday, February 20, 2020
Current Events and U.S. Diplomacy - Research Paper Example A presidentÃ¢â¬â¢s foreign policy can be thoroughly diplomatic, while his military stance can play merely the role of a diplomatic apparatus. It is normally determined by the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s economic, military, and sociopolitical statuses. Whereas a presidential doctrine is usually objective-oriented, the implement of this doctrine needs in-depth knowledge of and proper response to home economy, politics, military strength, etc. Simultaneously the president should have in-depth knowledge of and proper response to counterpartyÃ¢â¬â¢s economy, politics, military strength, etc. During the developing stage of the Cold War in the first half of the 1960s, John Fitzgerald KennedyÃ¢â¬â¢s foreign policy had been more diplomatic than his predecessor Dwight EisenhowerÃ¢â¬â¢s unyielding view about the US presence in the world politics. The diplomatic essence of the Kennedy Doctrine initially played a crucial role in building up the very premises Ã¢â¬âÃ¢â¬Å"Flexible Response to the I nternational Political PowersÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"Containment of CommunismÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"Reversal of Soviet Progress in the WestÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬âof the Kennedy Doctrine. ... In this regard Gaddis (2005) opined that also the failed CIA-backed military coup in Cuba, in spite of KennedyÃ¢â¬â¢s promise to refrain from Cuban Affairs, provoked the president to be bold to pronounce the United StatesÃ¢â¬â¢ defensive stance regarding the Berlin issue and the diplomatic acknowledgement of the Soviet UnionÃ¢â¬â¢s concern in Germany. (Gaddis, 2005, pp. 112-115) KennedyÃ¢â¬â¢s policy for the Ã¢â¬Å"containment of communismÃ¢â¬ was essentially the legacy of Eisenhower and TrumanÃ¢â¬â¢s foreign policy prerogatives. During the peak-hours of Cold War, Kennedy had no other choice but to follow his Ã¢â¬Å"White House predecessorsÃ¢â¬ (Schweizer, 1994, pp. 65). Being panicked by the rapid communist advancement, both Truman and Eisenhower turned back to the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s military strength -though they did not go into any direct war- to contain communism. As a result, superpowers involved into proxy wars in various geographical regions of interests. Nuclear arm race between the two main parties of the war, the USA and the Soviet Union, began as a response to the superpowersÃ¢â¬â¢ desire to overpower each other. During the period, the world experienced a worldwide regrouping of the countries into the US block and the Soviet bloc. This regrouping in the Soviet block was mainly based on the Marxist political ideology of Communism, whereas capitalism and democratic interests dominated the countries in the US block. This regroupings in both of the blocks often turned into expansionism and counter-expansionism. (Schweizer, 1994, pp. 69-74) The Soviet leadershipÃ¢â¬â¢s expansionist desire to force Marxist ideals upon the rest of the earth panicked the wealthy capitalist west whose reaction to the communist expansionism eventually
Tuesday, February 4, 2020
Study case questions - Assignment Example The right to a jury trial in the declaratory judgment is only available to legal titles. However, the issue of copyrights in this case falls under equitable titles. Q.3: In the lawsuit of the "Blurred Lines", California Courts have both personal and subject matter jurisdiction. Firstly, both the complainant and defendant reside and operate businesses in California the court; therefore, the court has powers over the two parties. In addition, the court has jurisdiction over the claim since the petitioner applied for a declaration under the copyright Act. Q.3: At the beginning of the counterclaim, the parties had sought for a jury trial. Jury trial at that juncture was appropriate to clear the contested facts, saving the cost of going into a full trial. Q4: If I were the Gayes, I would request the defendant to supply the written lyrics that were done in the initial stages of compiling the song ahead of the recording. I would also ask for the names of some of the people who were close to the defendant during the period within which the song was compiled. Such witness would give account of how often the defendant accessed the copyrighted song in question. Lastly, I would request for a witness from the recording studio where the defendants did their recording. Q.4: In early January, 204, Sony (EM) and the Gayes entered into a negotiation ADR yet again. This time, however, the two reached a settlement and resolved their participation in the case. Parties are allowed to enter into ADR while the case is ongoing because it is in the courts and every partys best interest that the case is resolved amicably without undue waste of time and resources. Q.5: In my opinion, the attorney had Thicke admit that he reviewed his answers to the interrogatories to add weight to ThickeÃ¢â¬â¢s deposition. He can use the reviewed statement to develop his case while discrediting ThickeÃ¢â¬â¢s
Monday, January 27, 2020
Second Hand Smoke Prevention Policies EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND KEY RECOMMENDATIONS Thank you for the opportunity to make a submission on the Smoke-free Cars Bill in NZ. I am currently a Population Health student at the University of Auckland, an interest which stemmed from my realisation that many illnesses and injuries are largely preventable. With volunteering experience for World Vision NZ, I am also an advocate of childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s health. My approach to health is based upon population health. In the case of smoking, there exists significant population health ramifications: of not only the impact tobacco has on smokersÃ¢â¬â¢ health, but of also the dangers of second-hand smoke (SHS) to those around them. This policy is therefore important for not only the wellbeing of children, but also for achieving widespread positive health gain for all New Zealanders. Like many health organisations in NZ, I urge the promotion of a Vision for Tupeka Kore Aotearoa; a tobacco-free New Zealand by 2020 so that future generations of New Zealanders will be protected from exposure to tobacco products and enjoy tobacco-free lives. I support the bill to ban smoking in all vehicles when children are present. Firstly, considerable scientific studies have produced convincing evidence that exposure to SHS in vehicles has serious health consequences for children. Moreover, there are marked deprivation and ethnic inequalities in in-vehicle SHS exposure. Thirdly, the need to protect children, a vulnerable group, from these harms forms the ethical rationale for regulatory action. Finally, ought such a bill be implemented, it would enjoy widespread public support from smokers and non-smokers, adults and children alike. Key Recommendations I recommend that awareness campaigns are needed to highlight the risks associated with SHS, the benefits of maintaining smoke-free cars, and the rationales behind a law banning smoking in vehicles carrying children. I recommend that the government continue supporting media campaigns and other initiatives which encourage smoking cessation. Based on the range of fines imposed in Australia and the fine linked to the safety belt law in NZ, I suggest an on-the-spot fine of $150 be set for those breaching the smoke-free ban. As a more long-term strategy, I recommend that the possibility of restricting smoking in all private vehicles (regardless of whether they are carrying children) to be explored. POLICY STATEMENT The harmful effects that SHS causes to childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s health is well documented. Although the general public is protected by the smoke-free regulations in enclosed public places and workspaces in NZ, most children remain at risk of exposure to high levels of SHS when confined in vehicles. For the purposes of this submission, Ã¢â¬Å"childrenÃ¢â¬ refers to anyone under the age of eighteen. In order to reduce childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s exposure to SHS in vehicles, I am championing the Smoke-free Cars Bill, banning smoking in any vehicle with children present. Using supporting evidence, I outline the reasons behind my position below. HEALTH AND WELLBEING RATIONALE Second-hand Smoke SHS is highly toxic; it contains thousands of hazardous chemicals, many of which are cancer-causing (carcinogenic). When non-smokers are exposed to SHS (passive smoking), they also inhale many of the toxins and carcinogenic substances as smokers do. Health Hazards in Children Children are particularly vulnerable to the effects of SHS, as they have smaller airways and lungs, faster breathing rates, and less developed immune systems. For children, exposure to SHS is a known cause of many adverse health consequences. SHS increases the risk of respiratory diseases (such as bronchitis and pneumonia) , middle ear infections , and sudden infant death syndrome . Exposure to SHS is especially harmful for asthmatic children, who experience more severe symptoms and more frequent asthma attacks. SHS can also cause asthma in children with no prior symptoms. An estimated one million asthmatic children in the United States have had their condition worsened due to SHS exposure. Yet, a study reported that only half of the parents of asthmatic children maintained smoke-free vehicles. Children exposed to SHS in vehicles have been found to exhibit nicotine dependence symptoms, even though they had previously never smoked cigarettes. A review by the British Medical Association concluded that there is no safe level of exposure to SHS for children; low levels of exposure are still associated with harmful health effects. Pollution Levels of Smoke in Vehicles Pollution levels from SHS with vehicles reach dangerously high levels that can cause serious health risks for all riders, particularly children. Unhealthy levels of pollution generated from SHS were detected across multiple studies, even with vehicle windows and air vents opened, and the fan set on high. The levels of pollution from SHS a child is exposed to in a fully ventilated vehicle was found to be greater than that of smoke-filled bars and restaurants , and smokersÃ¢â¬â¢ homes ; they also exceeded air quality levels on AucklandÃ¢â¬â¢s poorest air quality days. The Chartered Institute of Environmental Health found that effects of SHS in vehicles continue to be harmful, long after the smoke had dissipated. This is due to the build-up of chemicals from cigarette smoke, which clings to the carpet and upholstery. In all cases, the studiesÃ¢â¬â¢ authors recommended the enactment of smoke-free vehicle regulations to protect the health of not only children, but all non-smokers. EQUITY RATIONALE MÃâÃ ori and Pacific Island children were found to have greater SHS exposure in vehicles. This, however, is not a localised phenomenon, as previous studies in the United States found similar ethnic disparities. Martin et al. observed that children of low socioeconomic status have a higher risk of exposure to SHS in vehicles, and therefore, may contribute to health inequities. This is consistent with a study in the United States, which reported that lower income households were less likely to maintain smoke-free cars. Jarvie and Malone concluded that a bill protecting children from SHS in vehicles promotes equity, because children who are already social disadvantaged (of minority populations, and deprived neighbourhoods and families) would derive the most benefits. ETHICAL RATIONALE Children are a Vulnerable Group Legislation is important to protect children because they are a vulnerable, dependent group of individuals, who Ã¢â¬â unlike adults Ã¢â¬â are unable to protect or speak for themselves. Preventing smoking by adults in vehicles containing children constrains adults freedom (or autonomy) temporarily, as they would only be restricted in vehicles. However, for children who are unable to protect themselves from SHS exposure, the effects of SHS are serious and permanent. Protecting the Interests of Children Ethicists asserted that adults who choose to smoke in vehicles with children present are not acting in the interests of the child, because their action places children at high risk of serious harm from SHS exposure. This is a circumstance where the interests of children and parents conflict: the health and wellbeing of children, versus adults freedom to smoke in vehicles. Given that SHS exposure is profound in its potential to cause preventable morbidity and mortality among children, the government Ã¢â¬â as the ultimate guardian of children Ã¢â¬â has a duty to ban smoking in vehicle with children present. This bill is further supported by ethical principles of non-maleficence and beneficence: it both obliges adults to not inflict harm to children, and promotes the interests of children. INCREASING PUBLIC SUPPORT Numerous studies found that while smokers were less likely to be supportive of smoke-free laws in all vehicles, they were largely supportive of banning smoking in vehicles when children are present. It is fair to conclude that there would be even higher levels of support among non-smokers. The vast majority of people would therefore be calling for and supporting the enforcement of a smoke-free law for vehicles carrying children. Survey data in NZ and overseas alike have indicated that support for laws banning smoking in cars carrying children has been increasing over time. A NZ study found that children expressed negative feelings toward smoking, and were aware that smoking in cars with children present is Ã¢â¬ËwrongÃ¢â¬â¢. Some specifically stated that smoking should be banned, which suggests that children themselves would be supportive of a bill restricting smoking in vehicles. RECOMMENDATIONS Alongside legislation (which urges responsible behaviour), I recommend that awareness campaigns are needed to highlight the health risks for children associated with SHS, the benefits of maintaining smoke-free cars, and the rationales behind a law banning smoking in vehicles containing children. I recommend that the government continue to support media campaigns by Quitline NZ and other initiatives which encourage smoking cessation, as it is the single most effective way of reducing childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s exposure to SHS without forcing behaviour change. I suggest an on-the-spot fine of $150 be set for those breaching the smoke-free ban. This has been made in consideration of the range of fines imposed in Australia (where there already exists a smoking bans on vehicles carrying children) , as well as the $150 fine associated with breaching the safety belt law in NZ . As a more long-term strategy, I recommend that the possibility of restricting smoking in all private vehicles should be explored, as this would be much more straightforward and practical than a ban limited to smoking in vehicles only if children are present. Exposure to SHS in vehicles is also a significant risk to the health of adults. CONCLUSION Thank you for the opportunity to submit on the Smoke-free Cars Bill in NZ. In this submission, I have outlined the health and wellbeing, equity and ethical rationales, as well as evidence of increasing public support, for why a law banning smoking in all vehicles containing children is required. I have made practical recommendations on how the policy, if implemented, could be improved and strengthened. I look forward to seeing the regulation of smoking in cars as one step closer to realising Tupeka Kore Aotearoa, a tobacco-free New Zealand, by 2020.
Sunday, January 19, 2020
The Civil War, also known as the Ã¢â¬Å"War between the StatesÃ¢â¬ , was fight from 1861 to 1865 between the Union (or the North) and the Confederacy (the South). There were many causes such as economic disparity between north and south, slavery, and the election of Abraham Lincoln. The North had an industrial based economy whereas the South was a predominantly agricultural economy. One of the major reasons of the outburst of the Civil War was two different labor systems Ã¢â¬â free labor in the north and slavery in the south. In the Northern America, as the machines took place of laborers in the rise of big factories, they needed free labor instead of slavery, so the slaves became no longer important. On the other hand, the South was based on agricultural and relied upon the labor of the slaves. This economic disparity has given rise to a debate over slavery. The North wanted to end up the spread of slavery, since it was a major obstacle in the development of Northern economy, but at the same time, it would cause big loss of benefit in the South. The conflict was intensified by the election of Lincoln of 1840, because the Southerners thought Lincoln was anti-slavery and would be in favor of Northern interests. After the election of Lincoln, South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida and some other southern states seceded from the Union and formed the Confederacy. On April 12, 1861, the Confederates oped fire at Ft. Sumter, which was the first battle of the Civil War. Conflict between the North and the South could not have been avoided. The industrial capitalistic economy in the North and plantation economy in the South had increasingly conflicts in raw materials, markets, tariffs, labor force and other aspects. The core problem was the slavery. In economy, it has hindered the development of capitalistic economy in the United States. In politics, it has become a risk factor that caused Federal division. AfterÃ the Industrial Revolution in Britain, the cotton textile industry developed rapidly, so did the Northern America. The demand for cotton was highly increased. In this case, mass production of cotton was profitable, which meant large amount of cheap labor Ã¢â¬â slaves Ã¢â¬â was needed. WhatÃ¢â¬â¢s more, whether slavery was legal in the newly gained territories from westward expansion, has been the most acute problems, because the creation of a slave or free state was directly related to which side could control the Senate. Thus, with the development of two types of economy, the conflict between the North and the South was unavoidable. In conclusion, although the Civil War was one of the most tragic wars in American history and unavoidable, the nation was reunited and strengthened as a whole country, not just a collection of states.
Saturday, January 11, 2020
POTUS. She felt a sudden surge of hope. Something about POTUS struck Gabrielle as being a perfect Sexton password. Simple, positive, self-referential. She quickly typed in the letters. POTUS. Holding her breath, she hit Ã¢â¬Å"return.Ã¢â¬ The computer beeped. Invalid Password Ã¢â¬â Access Denied Slumping, Gabrielle gave up. She headed back toward the bathroom door to exit the way she had come. She was halfway across the room, when her cellphone rang. She was already on edge, and the sound startled her. Stopping short, she pulled out her phone and glanced up to check the time on Sexton's prized Jourdain grandfather clock. Almost 4:00 A.M. At this hour, Gabrielle knew the caller could only be Sexton. He was obviously wondering where the hell she was. Do I pick up or let it ring? If she answered, Gabrielle would have to lie. But if she didn't, Sexton would get suspicious. She took the call. Ã¢â¬Å"Hello?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Gabrielle?Ã¢â¬ Sexton sounded impatient. Ã¢â¬Å"What's keeping you?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"The FDR Memorial,Ã¢â¬ Gabrielle said. Ã¢â¬Å"The taxi got hemmed in, and now we're-Ã¢â¬Å" Ã¢â¬Å"You don't sound like you're in a taxi.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"No,Ã¢â¬ she said, her blood pumping now. Ã¢â¬Å"I'm not. I decided to stop by my office and pick up some NASA documents that might be relevant to PODS. I'm having some trouble finding them.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Well, hurry up. I want to schedule a press conference for the morning, and we need to talk specifics.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I'm coming soon,Ã¢â¬ she said. There was a pause on the line. Ã¢â¬Å"You're in your office?Ã¢â¬ He sounded suddenly confused. Ã¢â¬Å"Yeah. Another ten minutes and I'll be on my way over.Ã¢â¬ Another pause. Ã¢â¬Å"Okay. I'll see you soon.Ã¢â¬ Gabrielle hung up, too preoccupied to notice the loud and distinctive triple-tick of Sexton's prized Jourdain grandfather clock only a few feet away. 113 Michael Tolland did not realize Rachel was hurt until he saw the blood on her arm as he pulled her to cover behind the Triton. He sensed from the catatonic look on her face that she was not aware of any pain. Steadying her, Tolland wheeled to find Corky. The astrophysicist scrambled across the deck to join them, his eyes blank with terror. We've got to find cover, Tolland thought, the horror of what had just happened not yet fully registering. Instinctively, his eyes raced up the tiers of decks above them. The stairs leading up to the bridge were all in the open, and the bridge itself was a glass box-a transparent bull's-eye from the air. Going up was suicide, which left only one other direction to go. For a fleeting instant, Tolland turned a hopeful gaze to the Triton submersible, wondering perhaps if he could get everyone underwater, away from the bullets. Absurd. The Triton had room for one person, and the deployment winch took a good ten minutes to lower the sub through the trap door in the deck to the ocean thirty feet below. Besides, without properly charged batteries and compressors, the Triton would be dead in the water. Ã¢â¬Å"Here they come!Ã¢â¬ Corky shouted, his voice shrill with fear as he pointed into the sky. Tolland didn't even look up. He pointed to a nearby bulkhead, where an aluminum ramp descended belowdecks. Corky apparently needed no encouragement. Keeping his head low, Corky scurried toward the opening and disappeared down the incline. Tolland put a firm arm around Rachel's waist and followed. The two of them disappeared belowdecks just as the helicopter returned, spraying bullets overhead. Tolland helped Rachel down the grated ramp to the suspended platform at the bottom. As they arrived, Tolland could feel Rachel's body go suddenly rigid. He wheeled, fearing maybe she'd been hit by a ricocheting bullet. When he saw her face, he knew it was something else. Tolland followed her petrified gaze downward and immediately understood. Rachel stood motionless, her legs refusing to move. She was staring down at the bizarre world beneath her. Because of its SWATH design, the Goya had no hull but rather struts like a giant catamaran. They had just descended through the deck onto a grated catwalk that hung above an open chasm, thirty feet straight down to the raging sea. The noise was deafening here, reverberating off the underside of the deck. Adding to Rachel's terror was the fact that the ship's underwater spotlights were still illuminated, casting a greenish effulgence deep into the ocean directly beneath her. She found herself gazing down at six or seven ghostly silhouettes in the water. Enormous hammerhead sharks, their long shadows swimming in place against the current-rubbery bodies flexing back and forth. Tolland's voice was in her ear. Ã¢â¬Å"Rachel, you're okay. Eyes straight ahead. I'm right behind you.Ã¢â¬ His hands were reaching around from behind, gently trying to coax her clenched fists off the banister. It was then that Rachel saw the crimson droplet of blood roll off her arm and fall through the grating. Her eyes followed the drip as it plummeted toward the sea. Although she never saw it hit the water, she knew the instant it happened because all at once the hammerheads spun in unison, thrusting with their powerful tails, crashing together in a roiling frenzy of teeth and fins. Enhanced telencephalon olfactory lobesÃ¢â¬ ¦ They smell blood a mile away. Ã¢â¬Å"Eyes straight ahead,Ã¢â¬ Tolland repeated, his voice strong and reassuring. Ã¢â¬Å"I'm right behind you.Ã¢â¬ Rachel felt his hands on her hips now, urging her forward. Blocking out the void beneath her, Rachel started down the catwalk. Somewhere above she could hear the rotors of the chopper again. Corky was already well out in front of them, reeling across the catwalk in a kind of drunken panic. Tolland called out to him. Ã¢â¬Å"All the way to the far strut, Corky! Down the stairs!Ã¢â¬ Rachel could now see where they were headed. Up ahead, a series of switchback ramps descended. At water level, a narrow, shelflike deck extended the length of the Goya. Jutting off this deck were several small, suspended docks, creating a kind of miniature marina stationed beneath the ship. A large sign read: DIVE AREA Swimmers May Surface without Warning Ã¢â¬â Boats Proceed with Caution- Rachel could only assume Michael did not intend for them to do any swimming. Her trepidation intensified when Tolland stopped at a bank of wire-mesh storage lockers flanking the catwalk. He pulled open the doors to reveal hanging wetsuits, snorkels, flippers, life jackets, and spearguns. Before she could protest, he reached in and grabbed a flare gun. Ã¢â¬Å"Let's go.Ã¢â¬ They were moving again. Up ahead, Corky had reached the switchback ramps and was already halfway down. Ã¢â¬Å"I see it!Ã¢â¬ he shouted, his voice sounding almost joyous over the raging water. See what? Rachel wondered as Corky ran along the narrow walkway. All she could see was a shark-infested ocean lapping dangerously close. Tolland urged her forward, and suddenly Rachel could see what Corky was so excited about. At the far end of the decking below, a small powerboat was moored. Corky ran toward it. Rachel stared. Outrun a helicopter in a motorboat? Ã¢â¬Å"It has a radio,Ã¢â¬ Tolland said. Ã¢â¬Å"And if we can get far enough away from the helicopter's jammingÃ¢â¬ ¦ Ã¢â¬Å" Rachel did not hear another word he said. She had just spied something that made her blood run cold. Ã¢â¬Å"Too late,Ã¢â¬ she croaked, extending a trembling finger. We're finishedÃ¢â¬ ¦ When Tolland turned, he knew in an instant it was over. At the far end of the ship, like a dragon peering into the opening of a cave, the black helicopter had dropped down low and was facing them. For an instant, Tolland thought it was going to fly directly at them through the center of the boat. But the helicopter began to turn at an angle, taking aim. Tolland followed the direction of the gun barrels. No!